Free Access

Fig. 11

image

Δtproto for the basic models (purple circles), for the models with diffusion only (orange stars), and for the models with diffusion+rotation (blue squares) as a function of proto-WD mass for Z = 0.02 (top panels), Z = 0.01 (second panels), Z = 0.001 (third panels) and Z = 0.0002 (bottom panels). The left-hand panels show a linear scale in Δtproto while the right-hand panels show a log scale. Open symbols denote models that experience hydrogen shell flashes, whereas filled symbols denote models that avoid flashes. The grey shaded regions indicate temporary Roche-lobe detachment.

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.