Volume 628, August 2019
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||31 July 2019|
GAMA+KiDS: Alignment of galaxies in galaxy groups and its dependence on galaxy scale
Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands
2 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, WC1E 6BT London, UK
4 Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland
5 Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
6 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
7 School of Physics and Astronomy, Sun Yat-sen University Zhuhai Campus, 2 Daxue Road, Tangjia, Zhuhai 519082, Guangdong, PR China
8 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), Nandan Road 80, Shanghai 200030, PR China
Accepted: 1 July 2019
Intrinsic galaxy alignments are a source of bias for weak lensing measurements as well as a tool for understanding galaxy formation and evolution. In this work, we measure the alignment of shapes of satellite galaxies, in galaxy groups, with respect to the brightest group galaxy (BGG), as well as alignments of the BGG shape with the satellite positions, using the highly complete Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) spectroscopic survey and deep imaging from the Kilo Degree Survey. We control systematic errors with dedicated image simulations and measure accurate shapes using the DEIMOS shape measurement method. We find a significant satellite radial alignment signal, which vanishes at large separations from the BGG. We do not identify any strong trends of the signal with galaxy absolute magnitude or group mass. The alignment signal is dominated by red satellites. We also find that the outer regions of galaxies are aligned more strongly than their inner regions, by varying the radial weight employed during the shape measurement process. This behaviour is evident for both red and blue satellites. BGGs are also found to be aligned with satellite positions, with this alignment being stronger when considering the innermost satellites, using red BGGs and the shape of the outer region of the BGG. Lastly, we measure the global intrinsic alignment signal in the GAMA sample for two different radial weight functions and find no significant difference.
Key words: galaxies: evolution / large-scale structure of Universe / gravitational lensing: weak / cosmology: observations
© ESO 2019
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