Volume 588, April 2016
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||22 March 2016|
Wind mass transfer in S-type symbiotic binaries
II. Indication of wind focusing
Astronomical Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences,
Received: 12 January 2015
Accepted: 28 January 2016
Context. The wind mass transfer from a giant to its white dwarf companion in symbiotic binaries is not well understood. For example, the efficiency of wind mass transfer of the canonical Bondi-Hoyle accretion mechanism is too low to power the typical luminosities of the accretors. However, recent observations and modelling indicate a considerably more efficient mass transfer in symbiotic binaries.
Aims. We determine the velocity profile of the wind from the giant at the near-orbital-plane region of eclipsing S-type symbiotic binaries EG And and SY Mus, and derive the corresponding spherical equivalent of the mass-loss rate. With this approach, we indicate the high mass transfer ratio.
Methods. We achieved this aim by modelling the observed column densities taking into account ionization of the wind of the giant, whose velocity profile is derived using the inversion of Abel’s integral operator for the hydrogen column density function.
Results. Our analysis revealed the spherical equivalent of the mass-loss rate from the giant to be a few times 10-6 M⊙ yr-1, which is a factor of ≳10 higher than rates determined by methods that do not depend on the line of sight. This discrepancy rules out the usual assumption that the wind is spherically symmetric. As our values were derived from near-orbital-plane column densities, these values can be a result of focusing the wind from the giant towards the orbital plane.
Conclusions. Our findings suggests that the wind from giants in S-type symbiotic stars is not spherically symmetric, since it is enhanced at the orbital plane and, thus, is accreted more effectively onto the hot component.
Key words: binaries: symbiotic / stars: mass-loss / stars: winds, outflows
© ESO, 2016
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