EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 502, Number 2, August I 2009
Page(s) 695 - 703
Section Planets and planetary systems
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200912463
Published online 02 July 2009
A&A 502, 695-703 (2009)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200912463

Spin-orbit misalignment in the HD 80606 planetary system

F. Pont1, G. Hébrard2, J. M. Irwin3, F. Bouchy2, 4, C. Moutou5, D. Ehrenreich6, T. Guillot7, S. Aigrain1, X. Bonfils6, Z. Berta4, I. Boisse2, C. Burke8, D. Charbonneau4, X. Delfosse6, M. Desort6, A. Eggenberger6, T. Forveille6, A.-M. Lagrange6, C. Lovis9, P. Nutzman3, F. Pepe9, C. Perrier6, D. Queloz9, N. C. Santos10, D. Ségransan9, S. Udry9, and A. Vidal-Madjar2

1  School of Physics, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QL, UK
    e-mail: fpont@astro.ex.ac.uk; fredericjpont@gmail.com
2  Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS, Université Pierre & Marie Curie, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3  Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
4  Observatoire de Haute-Provence, 04870 Saint-Michel l'Observatoire, France
5  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, UMR 6110, CNRS & Univ. de Provence, 38 rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille Cedex 13, France
6  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Grenoble, Université J. Fourier, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
7  Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS UMR 6202, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
8  Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Dr., Baltimore, MD21218, USA
9  Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
10  Centro de Astrofísica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal

Received 11 May 2009 / Accepted 30 June 2009

We recently reported the photometric and spectroscopic detection of the primary transit of the 111-day-period, eccentric extra-solar planet HD 80606b, at Observatoire de Haute-Provence, France. The whole egress of the primary transit and a section of its central part were observed, allowing the measurement of the planetary radius, and evidence for a spin-orbit misalignment through the observation of the Rossiter-McLaughlin anomaly. The ingress not having been observed for this long-duration transit, uncertainties remained in the parameters of the system. We present here a refined, combined analysis of our photometric and spectroscopic data, together with further published radial velocities, ground-based photometry, and Spitzer photometry around the secondary eclipse, as well as new photometric measurements of HD 80606 acquired at Mount Hopkins, Arizona, just before the beginning of the primary transit. Although the transit is not detected in those new data, they provide an upper limit for the transit duration, which narrows down the possible behaviour of the Rossiter-McLaughlin anomaly in the unobserved part of the transit. We analyse the whole data with a Bayesian approach using a Markov-chain Monte Carlo integration on all available information. We find $R_{\rm p} = 0.98 \pm 0.03 \,{R}_{\rm Jup}$ for the planetary radius, and a total primary transit duration of $11.9 \pm 1.3$ h from first to fourth contact. Our analysis reinforces the hypothesis of spin-orbit misalignment in this system (alignment excluded at >95% level), with a positive projected angle between the planetary orbital axis and the stellar rotation (median solution $\lambda \sim 50^\circ$). As HD 80606 is a component of a binary system, the peculiar orbit of its planet could result from a Kozai mechanism.

Key words: stars: planetary systems

© ESO 2009