EDP Sciences
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Volume 438, Number 3, August II 2005
Page(s) 1163 - 1173
Section On-line catalogs and data
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042523

A&A 438, 1163-1173 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042523

Astrophysical parameters of Galactic open clusters

N. V. Kharchenko1, 2, 3, A. E. Piskunov1, 2, 4, S. Röser1, E. Schilbach1 and R.-D. Scholz2

1  Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    e-mail: [nkhar;piskunov;roeser;elena]@ari.uni-heidelberg.de
2  Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
    e-mail: [nkharchenko;apiskunov;rdscholz]@aip.de
3  Main Astronomical Observatory, 27 Academica Zabolotnogo Str., 03680 Kiev, Ukraine
    e-mail: nkhar@mao.kiev.ua
4  Institute of Astronomy of the Russian Acad. Sci., 48 Pyatnitskaya Str., Moscow 109017, Russia
    e-mail: piskunov@inasan.rssi.ru

(Received 13 December 2004 / Accepted 31 January 2005)

We present a catalogue of astrophysical data for 520 Galactic open clusters. These are the clusters for which at least three most probable members (18 on average) could be identified in the ASCC-2.5, a catalogue of stars based on the Tycho-2 observations from the Hipparcos mission. We applied homogeneous methods and algorithms to determine angular sizes of cluster cores and coronae, heliocentric distances, mean proper motions, mean radial velocities, and ages. For the first time we derive distances for 200 clusters, radial velocities for 94 clusters, and ages of 196 clusters. This homogeneous new parameter set is compared with earlier determinations, where we find, in particular, that the angular sizes were systematically underestimated in the literature.

Key words: techniques: photometric -- catalogs -- astrometry -- stars: kinematics -- open clusters and associations: general -- Galaxy: stellar content

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