EDP Sciences
Free access
Issue A&A
Volume 385, Number 2, April II 2002
Page(s) 546 - 562
Section Formation, structure and evolution of stars
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20020157

A&A 385, 546-562 (2002)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20020157

ISO LWS Spectra of T Tauri and Herbig AeBe stars

M. J. Creech-Eakman1, 2, E. I. Chiang3, R. M. K. Joung4, G. A. Blake1 and E. F. van Dishoeck5

1  Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, MS 150-21, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
2  Earth and Space Sciences Division, California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Lab, MS 171-113, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
3  601 Campbell Hall, UC Berkeley Astronomy, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
4  Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
5  Sterrewacht Leiden, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA, Leiden, The Netherlands

(Received 29 August 2001 / Accepted 24 January 2002 )

We present an analysis of ISO-LWS spectra of eight T Tauri and Herbig AeBe young stellar objects. Some of the objects are in the embedded phase of star-formation, whereas others have cleared their environs but are still surrounded by a circumstellar disk. Fine-structure lines of [OI] and [CII] are most likely excited by far-ultraviolet photons in the circumstellar environment rather than high-velocity outflows, based on comparisons of observed line strengths with predictions of photon-dominated and shock chemistry models. A subset of our stars and their ISO spectra are adequately explained by models constructed by Chiang & Goldreich (1997) and Chiang et al. (2001) of isolated, passively heated, flared circumstellar disks. For these sources, the bulk of the LWS flux at wavelengths longward of $55\,\mu{\rm m}$ arises from the disk interior which is heated diffusively by reprocessed radiation from the disk surface. At $45\,\mu{\rm m}$, water ice emission bands appear in spectra of two of the coolest stars, and are thought to arise from icy grains irradiated by central starlight in optically thin disk surface layers.

Key words: stars: pre-main sequence -- infrared: stars -- line: identification -- stars: formation

Offprint request: M. J. Creech-Eakman, mce@huey.jpl.nasa.gov

SIMBAD Objects in preparation

© ESO 2002

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Editor-in-Chief: T. Forveille
Letters Editor-in-Chief: J. Alves
Managing Editor: N. Aghanim

ISSN: 0004-6361 ; e-ISSN: 1432-0746
Frequency: 12 volumes per year
Published by: EDP Sciences

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