Letter to the Editor
Detection of interstellar hydrogen peroxide⋆
P. Bergman1, B. Parise2, R. Liseau3, B. Larsson4, H. Olofsson1, K. M. Menten2 and R. Güsten2
Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University of Technology, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden
2 Max Planck Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3 Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden
4 Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Received: 2 May 2011
Accepted: 25 May 2011
Context. The molecular species hydrogen peroxide, HOOH, is likely to be a key ingredient in the oxygen and water chemistry in the interstellar medium.
Aims. Our aim with this investigation is to determine how abundant HOOH is in the cloud core ρ Oph A.
Methods. By observing several transitions of HOOH in the (sub)millimeter regime we seek to identify the molecule and also to determine the excitation conditions through a multilevel excitation analysis.
Results. We have detected three spectral lines toward the SM1 position of ρ Oph A at velocity-corrected frequencies that coincide very closely with those measured from laboratory spectroscopy of HOOH. A fourth line was detected at the 4σ level. We also found through mapping observations that the HOOH emission extends (about 0.05 pc) over the densest part of the ρ Oph A cloud core. We derive an abundance of HOOH relative to that of H2 in the SM1 core of about 1 × 10-10.
Conclusions. To our knowledge, this is the first reported detection of HOOH in the interstellar medium.
Key words: astrochemistry / ISM: abundances / ISM: individual objects:ρ Oph A / ISM: molecules
© ESO, 2011