Weak lensing power spectra for precision cosmology
Multiple-deflection, reduced shear, and lensing bias corrections
Caltech M/C 350-17,
Accepted: 11 August 2010
It is usually assumed that the ellipticity power spectrum measured in weak lensing observations can be expressed as an integral over the underlying matter power spectrum. This is true at order in the gravitational potential. We extend the standard calculation, constructing all corrections to order . There are four types of corrections: corrections to the lensing shear due to multiple-deflections; corrections due to the fact that shape distortions probe the reduced shear γ/(1 − κ) rather than the shear itself; corrections associated with the non-linear conversion of reduced shear to mean ellipticity; and corrections due to the fact that observational galaxy selection and shear measurement is based on galaxy brightnesses and sizes which have been (de)magnified by lensing. We show how the previously considered corrections to the shear power spectrum correspond to terms in our analysis, and highlight new terms that were not previously identified. All correction terms are given explicitly as integrals over the matter power spectrum, bispectrum, and trispectrum, and are numerically evaluated for the case of sources at z = 1. We find agreement with previous works for the terms. We find that for ambitious future surveys, the terms affect the power spectrum at the ~ 1 − 5σ level; they will thus need to be accounted for, but are unlikely to represent a serious difficulty for weak lensing as a cosmological probe.
Key words: cosmology: theory / gravitational lensing: weak / large-scale structure of the Universe / methods: analytical
© ESO, 2010