Bayesian analysis of the radial velocities of HD 11506 reveals another planetary companionM. Tuomi1, 2 and S. Kotiranta2
1 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, PO Box 68, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
2 Tuorla Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, 21500 Piikkiö, Finland
Received 16 December 2008 / Accepted 14 February 2009
Aims. We aim to demonstrate the efficiency of a Bayesian approach in analysing radial velocity data by reanalysing a set of radial velocity measurements.
Methods. We present Bayesian analysis of a recently published set of radial velocity measurements known to contain the signal of one extrasolar planetary candidate, namely, HD 11506. The analysis is conducted using the Markov chain Monte Carlo method and the resulting distributions of orbital parameters are tested by performing direct integration of randomly selected samples with the Bulirsch-Stoer method. The magnitude of the stellar radial velocity variability, known as jitter, is treated as a free parameter with no assumptions about its magnitude.
Results. We show that the orbital parameters of the planet known to be present in the data correspond to a different solution when the jitter is allowed to be a free parameter. We also show evidence of an additional candidate, a 0.8 planet with period of about 0.5 yr in orbit around HD 11506. This second planet is inferred to be present with a high level of confidence.
Key words: planetary systems -- methods: statistical -- techniques: radial velocities -- stars: individual: HD 11506
© ESO 2009