EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 487, Number 2, August IV 2008
Page(s) 659 - 670
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:200810002
Published online 24 June 2008

A&A 487, 659-670 (2008)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:200810002

Spectroscopic and photometric variability of the O9.5 Vp star HD 93521

G. Rauw1, M. De Becker1, H. van Winckel2, C. Aerts2, P. Eenens3, K. Lefever2, B. Vandenbussche2, N. Linder1, Y. Nazé1, and E. Gosset1

1  Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août, Bât. B5c, 4000 Liège, Belgium
    e-mail: rauw@astro.ulg.ac.be
2  Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, K.U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
3  Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Guanajuato, Apartado 144, 36000 Guanajuato, GTO, Mexico

Received 18 April 2008 / Accepted 17 June 2008

Aims. The line profile variability and photometric variability of the O9.5 Vp star HD 93521 are examined in order to establish the properties of the non-radial pulsations in this star.
Methods. Fourier techniques are used to characterize the modulations of the He I  $\lambda\lambda$ 5876, 6678 and H $\alpha$ lines in several spectroscopic time series and to search for variations in a photometric time series.
Results. Our spectroscopic data confirm the existence of two periods of 1.75 and 2.89 h. The line profiles, especially those affected by emission wings, exhibit also modulations on longer time scales, but these are epoch-dependent and change from line to line. Unlike previous claims, we find no unambiguous signature of the rotational period in our data, nor of a third pulsation period (corresponding to a frequency of 2.66 d-1).
Conclusions. HD 93521 very likely exhibits non-radial pulsations with periods of 1.75 and 2.89 h with $l \simeq 8$ $\pm$ 1 and $l \simeq 4$ $\pm$ 1 respectively. No significant signal is found in the first harmonics of these two periods. The 2.89 h mode is seen at all epochs and in all lines investigated, while the visibility of the 1.75 h mode is clearly epoch-dependent. Whilst light variations are detected, their connection to these periodicities is not straightforward.

Key words: stars: early-type -- stars: individual: HD 93521 -- stars: oscillations -- stars: rotation

© ESO 2008