EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 444, Number 2, December III 2005
Page(s) 347 - 355
Section Astrophysical processes
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042603

A&A 444, 347-355 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042603

Convective magneto-rotational instabilities in accretion disks

E. van der Swaluw, J. W. S. Blokland and R. Keppens

FOM-Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, PO Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
    e-mail: swaluw@rijnh.nl

(Received 23 December 2004 / Accepted 13 April 2005)

We present a study of instabilities occuring in thick magnetized accretion disks. We calculate the growth rates of these instabilities and characterise precisely the contribution of the magneto-rotational and convective mechanism. All our calculations are performed in radially stratified disks in the cylindrical limit. The numerical calculations are performed using the appropriate local dispersion equation solver discussed in Blokland et al. (2005, A&A, 444, 337). A comparison with recent results by Narayan et al. (2002, ApJ, 577, 295) shows excellent agreement with their approximate growth rates only if the disks are weakly magnetized. However, for disks close to equipartition, the dispersion equation from Narayan et al. (2002) loses its validity. Our calculations allow for quantitative determination of the increase in growth rate due to the magneto-rotational mechanism. We find that the increase of the growth rate for long wavelength convective modes caused by this mechanism is almost neglible. On the other hand, the growth rate of short wavelength instabilities can be significantly increased by this mechanism, reaching values up to 60%.

Key words: accretion, accretion disks -- instabilities -- magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) -- plasmas

© ESO 2005