EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 439, Number 3, September I 2005
Page(s) 1131 - 1134
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20052968

A&A 439, 1131-1134 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20052968

Research Note

X-ray outburst of 4U 0115+634 and ROTSE observations of its optical counterpart V635 Cas

A. Baykal1, Ü. Kiziloglu1, N. Kiziloglu1, S. Balman1 and S. Ç. Inam2

1  Physics Department, Middle East Technical University, Ankara 06531, Turkey
    e-mail: altan@astroa.physics.metu.edu.tr
2  Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Baskent University, 06530 Ankara, Turkey
    e-mail: inam@baskent.edu.tr

(Received 2 March 2005 / Accepted 1 June 2005)

ROTSE IIId (The Robotic Optical Transient Experiment) observations of the X-ray binary system 4U 0115+634/V635 Cas obtained during 2004 June and 2005 January make it possible, for the first time, to study the correlation between optical and type II X-ray outbursts. The X-ray outburst sharply enhanced after periastron passage where the optical brightness was reduced by 0.3 mag for a few days. We interpret the sharp reduction of optical brightness as a sign of mass ejection from the outer parts of the disc of the Be star. After this sharp decrease, the optical brightness rose again and reached the pre-X-ray outburst level. Afterwards, a gradual decrease of the optical brightness followed until a minimum then a gradual increase started again. Qualitatively, the change of the optical lightcurve suggests a precession of the Be star disc of around a few hundred days. We also investigate the periodic signatures from the archival RXTE-ASM (Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer - All Sky Monitor) light curve covering a time span of $\sim $9 years. We find significant orbital modulation in the ASM light curve during the type I X-ray outburst.

Key words: stars: binaries: close -- stars: pulsars: general -- stars: emission line, Be -- stars: individual: 4U 0115+634, V635 Cas -- X-rays: stars

SIMBAD Objects

© ESO 2005