EDP Sciences
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Volume 435, Number 3, June I 2005
Page(s) 1005 - 1011
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20040405

A&A 435, 1005-1011 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20040405

RXTE observations of the dipping low-mass X-ray binary 4U 1624-49

D. Lommen, S. van Straaten, M. van der Klis and B. Anthonisse

Astronomical Institute "Anton Pannekoek", University of Amsterdam, and Center for High Energy Astrophysics, Kruislaan 403, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    e-mail: djplomme@science.uva.nl

(Received 8 March 2004 / Accepted 15 February 2005)

We analyse $\sim $360 ks of archival data from the Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) of the 21 h orbital period dipping low-mass X-ray binary 4U 1624-49. We find that outside the dips the tracks in the colour-colour and hardness-intensity diagrams (CDs and HIDs) are reminiscent of those of atoll sources in the middle and upper parts of the banana branch. The tracks show secular shifts up to $\sim $10%. We study the power spectrum of 4U 1624-49 as a function of the position in the CD. This is the first time power spectra of this source are presented. No quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) are found. The power spectra are dominated by very low frequency noise (VLFN), characteristic for atoll sources in the banana state, and band limited noise (BLN) which is not reliably detected but may, uncharacteristically, strengthen and increase in frequency with spectral hardness. The VLFN fits to a power law, which becomes steeper when the source moves to the harder part of the CD. We conclude that 4U 1624-49 is an atoll source which in our observations is in the upper banana branch. Combining this with the high (0.5-0.7  $L_{\rm Edd}$) luminosity, the long-term flux stability of the source as seen with the RXTE All-Sky Monitor (ASM), and with the fact that it is an X-ray dip source, we conclude that 4U 1624-49 is most likely a GX atoll source such as GX 3+1 and GX 9+9, but seen edge on.

Key words: accretion, accretion disks -- stars: individual: 4U 1624-49 -- stars: neutron -- X-rays: stars

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© ESO 2005