EDP Sciences
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Volume 434, Number 1, April IV 2005
Page(s) 17 - 23
Section Astrophysical processes
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20034196

A&A 434, 17-23 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20034196

Solutions of the axi-symmetric Poisson equation from elliptic integrals

II. Semi-analytical approach
A. Pierens1 and J.-M. Huré1, 2

1  LUTh (CNRS UMR 8102), Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
    e-mail: Arnaud.Pierens@obspm.fr
2  Université Paris 7 Denis Diderot, 2 place Jussieu, 75251 Paris Cedex 05, France
    e-mail: Jean-Marc.Hure@obspm.fr

(Received 14 August 2003 / Accepted 23 September 2004)

In a series of two papers, we present numerical integral-based methods to compute accurately the self-gravitating field and potential induced by a tri-dimensional, axially symmetric fluid, with special regard for tori, discs and rings. In this second article, we show that "point mass" singularities are integrable analytically for systems with aspect ratio  $(H/R)^2 \ll 1$. We derive second-order accurate, integral formulae for the field components and potential as well, assuming that the mass density locally expands following powers of the altitude (the parabolic case is treated in detail). These formulae are valid inside the entire system: from the equatorial plane to the surface, and especially at the inner and outer edges where they remain regular, in contrast to those derived in the classical bi-dimensional, "razor-thin" approach. Their relative precision ~(H/R)2 has been checked in many situations by comparison with highly accurate, numerical solutions of the Poisson equation obtained from splitting methods described in Paper I. Time inexpensive and reliable, they offer powerful means to investigate vertically stratified systems where self-gravity plays a role. Three formulae for "one zone" disc models are given.

Key words: gravitation -- methods: numerical -- methods: analytical

© ESO 2005