EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 433, Number 2, April II 2005
Page(s) 671 - 682
Section Stellar atmospheres
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042300

A&A 433, 671-682 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042300

Stellar model atmospheres with magnetic line blanketing

O. Kochukhov1, S. Khan1, 2 and D. Shulyak1, 2

1  Institut für Astronomie, Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstraße 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
    e-mail: kochukhov@astro.univie.ac.at
2  Tavrian National University, Yaltinskaya 4, 95007 Simferopol, Crimea, Ukraine

(Received 2 November 2004 / Accepted 1 December 2004)

Model atmospheres of A and B stars are computed taking into account magnetic line blanketing. These calculations are based on the new stellar model atmosphere code LLMODELS which implements direct treatment of the opacities due to the bound-bound transitions and ensures an accurate and detailed description of the line absorption. The anomalous Zeeman effect was calculated for the field strengths between 1 and 40 kG and a field vector perpendicular to the line of sight. The model structure, high-resolution energy distribution, photometric colors, metallic line spectra and the hydrogen Balmer line profiles are computed for magnetic stars with different metallicities and are discussed with respect to those of non-magnetic reference models. The magnetically enhanced line blanketing changes the atmospheric structure and leads to a redistribution of energy in the stellar spectrum. The most noticeable feature in the optical region is the appearance of the 5200 Å depression. However, this effect is prominent only in cool A stars and disappears for higher effective temperatures. The presence of a magnetic field produces opposite variation of the flux distribution in the optical and UV region. A deficiency of the UV flux is found for the whole range of considered effective temperatures, whereas the "null wavelength" where flux remains unchanged shifts towards the shorter wavelengths for higher temperatures.

Key words: stars: chemically peculiar -- stars: magnetic fields -- stars: atmospheres

© ESO 2005