EDP Sciences
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Volume 415, Number 2, February IV 2004
Page(s) 415 - 424
Section Astrophysical processes
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20031672

A&A 415, 415-424 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20031672

XMM-Newton witness of M 86 X-ray metamorphosis

A. Finoguenov1, 2, W. Pietsch1, B. Aschenbach1 and F. Miniati3

1  Max-Planck Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
2  Space Research Institute, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow, 117810, Russia
3  Max-Planck Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild Str. 1, 85748 Garching, Germany

(Received 28 May 2003 / Accepted 15 October 2003)

The environmental influence of cluster media on its member galaxies, known as Butcher-Oemler effect, has recently been subject to revision due to numerous observations of strong morphological transformations occurring outside the cluster virial radii, caused by some unidentified gas removal processes. In this context we present new XMM-Newton observations of M 86 group. The unique combination of high spatial and spectral resolution and large field of view of XMM-Newton allows an in-depth investigation of the processes involved in the spectacular disruption of this object. We identify a possible shock with Mach number of ~ 1.4 in the process of crushing the galaxy in the North-East direction. The latter is ascribed to the presence of a dense X-ray emitting filament, previously revealed in the RASS data. The shock is not associated with other previously identified features of M 86 X-ray emission, such as the plume, the north-eastern arm and the southern extension, which are found to have low entropy, similar to the inner 2 kpc of M 86. Finally, mere existence of the large scale gas halo around the M 86 group, suggests that the disruptions of M 86's X-ray halo may be caused by small-scale types of interactions such as galaxy-galaxy collisions.

Key words: galaxies: individual: M 86 -- galaxies: interactions -- galaxies: structure -- ISM: kinematics and dynamics

Offprint request: A. Finoguenov, alexis@xray.mpe.mpg.de

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