EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 413, Number 2, January II 2004
Page(s) 453 - 463
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20031547

A&A 413, 453-463 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20031547

Comparison of two optical cluster finding algorithms for the new generation of deep galaxy surveys

D. Rizzo1, C. Adami2, S. Bardelli3, A. Cappi3, E. Zucca3, B. Guiderdoni4, G. Chincarini5, 6 and A. Mazure2

1  Università degli Studi di Milano, via Festa del Perdono 7, 20122 Milano, Italy
2  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, 2 place Le Verrier, 13248 Marseille Cedex 4, France
3  INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
4  Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris - CNRS, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
5  Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo 1, 20126 Milano, Italy
6  INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate, Italy

(Received 2 April 2003 / Accepted 29 September 2003)

We present a comparison between two optical cluster finding methods: a matched filter algorithm using galaxy angular coordinates and magnitudes, and a percolation algorithm using also redshift information. We test the algorithms on two mock catalogues. The first mock catalogue is built by adding clusters to a Poissonian background, while the other is derived from N-body simulations. Choosing the physically most sensible parameters for each method, we carry out a detailed comparison and investigate advantages and limits of each algorithm, showing the possible biases on final results. We show that, combining the two methods, we are able to detect a large part of the structures, thus pointing out the need to search for clusters in different ways in order to build complete and unbiased samples of clusters, to be used for statistical and cosmological studies. In addition, our results show the importance of testing cluster finding algorithms on different kinds of mock catalogues to have a complete assessment of their behaviour.

Key words: galaxies: clusters: general -- cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe

Offprint request: D. Rizzo, rizzo@merate.mi.astro.it

SIMBAD Objects in preparation

© ESO 2004