EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 409, Number 3, October III 2003
Page(s) 851 - 856
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20031164

A&A 409, 851-856 (2003)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20031164

Weak lensing by high-redshift clusters of galaxies

II. Mean redshift of the faint background galaxy population
D. Clowe1, 2, G. A. Luppino2 and N. Kaiser2

1  Institut für Astrophysik und Extraterrestrische Forschung der Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2  Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA

(Received 2 May 2003 / Accepted 21 July 2003 )

We use weak lensing shear measurements of six z>0.5 clusters of galaxies to derive the mean lensing redshift of the background galaxies used to measure the shear. Five of these clusters are compared to X-ray mass models and verify a mean lensing redshift for a 23<R<26.3, R-I<0.9 background galaxy population in good agreement with photometric redshift surveys of the HDF-S. The lensing strength of the six clusters is also analyzed as a function of the magnitude of the background galaxies, and an increase in shear with increasing magnitude is detected at moderate significance. The change in the strength of the shear is presumed to be caused by an increase in the mean redshift of the background galaxies with increasing magnitude, and the degree of change detected is also in agreement with those in photometric redshift surveys of the HDF-S.

Key words: cosmology: observations -- dark matter -- gravitational lensing -- galaxies: distances and redshifts -- galaxies: clusters: general

Offprint request: D. Clowe, clowe@astro.uni-bonn.de

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