EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 408, Number 1, September II 2003
Page(s) 313 - 322
Section Stellar atmospheres
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030600

A&A 408, 313-322 (2003)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20030600

VLT/ISAAC H-band spectroscopy of embedded massive YSOs

T. R. Kendall1, W. J. de Wit2 and J. L. Yun1

1  Centro de Astronomia e Astrofísica da Universidade de Lisboa, Observatório Astronómico de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-018 Lisboa, Portugal
2  Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Florence, Italy
    e-mail: dewit@arcetri.astro.it

(Received 2 December 2002 / Accepted 16 April 2003)

We have performed intermediate resolution ( $R\sim5000$), high signal-to-noise H-band spectroscopy of a small, initial sample of three massive embedded young stellar objects (YSOs), using VLT/ISAAC. The sample has been selected from sources characterised in previous literature as being likely of OB spectral type, to be unambiguously associated with bright ( $H\leq14$) single point sources in the 2MASS database, and to have no optical counterparts. Of the targets observed, one object shows a ~B3 spectrum, similar to a main sequence object of the same spectral type. A second object exhibits weak He I and H emission, indicating an early-type source: we detect He II absorption, which supports a previous indirect derivation of the spectral type as mid-O. The third object does not show absorption lines, so no spectral type can de derived. It does, however, exhibit a rich spectrum of strong, broad emission lines and is likely to be surrounded by dense circumstellar material and at a very early evolutionary stage. Our results from this very small sample are in agreement with those of Kaper et al. (2002), who also find spectra similar to optically visible main sequence stars, together with emission line objects representing a very early evolutionary phase, in their much larger sample of K-band spectra.

Key words: stars: formation -- stars: early-type -- ISM: H II regions

Offprint request: T. R. Kendall, tkendall@oal.ul.pt

SIMBAD Objects

© ESO 2003