EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 404, Number 3, June IV 2003
Page(s) 1139 - 1144
Section Diffuse matter in space
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030594

A&A 404, 1139-1144 (2003)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20030594

On the nature of extended EUV filaments

U. Anzer1 and P. Heinzel2, 1

1  Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85740 Garching, Germany
2  Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 25165 Ondrejov, Czech Republic

(Received 14 August 2002 / Accepted 14 April 2003)

This paper describes the properties of extended EUV filaments and the theoretical modelling of them. We summarise the general aspects of the depression of EUV-line emission and give an interpretation of recent filament observations in transition-region and coronal lines. The EUV filament was found to be located relatively high in the corona (at least 20 000 km above the solar surface) and this requires an MHD scenario alternative to the parasitic-polarity model of Aulanier & Schmieder (2002). Here we present a new idea for the support of cool gas in the magnetic arcade of a prominence which is capable of explaining both wide and vertically extended EUV filaments. Our mechanism is based upon the twisting of individual flux tubes, similar to the one which was suggested by Priest et al. (1989). Finally, the consequences of this new model are discussed.

Key words: Sun: filaments -- Sun: magnetic fields -- Sun: UV radiation

Offprint request: U. Anzer, ula@mpa-garching.mpg.de

© ESO 2003