EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 382, Number 3, February II 2002
Page(s) 792 - 803
Section Cosmology
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011682

A&A 382, 792-803 (2002)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011682

A new method for the estimate of $\vec{H_0}$ from quadruply imaged gravitational lens systems

V. F. Cardone1, S. Capozziello1, V. Re1 and E. Piedipalumbo2

1  Dipartimento di Fisica "E.R. Caianiello", Università di Salerno and INFN, Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Via S. Allende, 84081 Baronissi (Salerno), Italy
2  Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Università di Napoli and INFN, Sezione di Napoli, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo, Via Cinthia, Edificio N 80126 Napoli, Italy

(Received 27 September 2001 / Accepted 22 November 2001 )

We present a new method to estimate the Hubble constant H0 from the measured time delays in quadruply imaged gravitational lens systems. We show how it is possible to get an estimate of H0 without the need to completely reconstruct the lensing potential thus avoiding any a priori hypothesis on the expression of the galaxy lens model. Our method only needs to assume that the lens potential may be expressed as $r^{\alpha} F(\theta)$, whatever the shape function $F(\theta)$ is, and it is thus able to fully explore the degeneracy in the mass models taking also into account the presence of an external shear. We test the method on simulated cases and show that it does work well in recovering the correct value of the slope $\alpha$ of the radial profile and of the Hubble constant  H0. Then, we apply the same method to the real quadruple lenses PG 1115+080 and B1422+231 obtaining $H_0 = 58^{+17}_{-15} \ {\rm km \ s^{-1} \ Mpc^{-1}}$ (68% CL).

Key words: gravitational lensing -- cosmology: distance scale -- quasars: individual: B1422+231 -- quasars: individual: PG 1115+080

Offprint request: V. F. Cardone, winny@na.infn.it

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