EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 377, Number 1, October I 2001
Page(s) 297 - 311
Section The Sun
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011056

A&A 377, 297-311 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011056

Periodicities in data observed during the minimum and the rising phase of solar cycle 23; years 1996-1999

S. Zieba, J. Maslowski, A. Michalec and A. Kulak

Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, ul Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków, Poland

(Received 18 July 2000 / Accepted 11 July 2001)

Three types of observations: the daily values of the solar radio flux at 7 frequencies, the daily international sunspot number and the daily Stanford mean solar magnetic field were processed in order to find all the periodicities hidden in the data. Using a new approach to the radio data, two time series were obtained for each frequency examined, one more sensitive to spot magnetic fields, the other to large magnetic structures not connected with sunspots. Power spectrum analysis of the data was carried out separately for the minimum (540 days from 1 March 1996 to 22 August 1997) and for the rising phase (708 days from 23 August 1997 to 31 July 1999) of the solar cycle 23. The Scargle periodograms obtained, normalized for the effect of autocorrelation, show the majority of known periods and reveal a clear difference between the periodicities found in the minimum and the rising phase. We determined the rotation rate of the "active longitudes" in the rising phase as equal to 444.4 $\pm$ 4 nHz ( $26\fd0 \pm 0\fd3$). The results indicate that appropriate and careful analysis of daily radio data at several frequencies allows the investigation of solar periodicities generated in different layers of the solar atmosphere by various phenomena related to the periodic emergence of diverse magnetic structures.

Key words: Sun: activity -- Sun: radio radiation -- Sun: magnetic fields -- Sun: rotation

Offprint request: A. Michalec, michalec@oa.uj.edu.pl

© ESO 2001