EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 376, Number 3, September IV 2001
Page(s) 853 - 860
Section Galactic structure and dynamics
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010929

A&A 376, 853-860 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20010929

Astrophysical constraints on a possible neutrino ball at the Galactic Center

F. De Paolis1, G. Ingrosso1, A. A. Nucita1, D. Orlando1, S. Capozziello2 and G. Iovane2

1  Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Lecce, and INFN, Sezione di Lecce, Via Arnesano, CP 193, 73100 Lecce, Italy
2  Dipartimento di Fisica "E. R. Caianiello", Università di Salerno, and INFN, Sezione di Salerno, Via S. Allende, 84081 Baronissi (Sa), Italy

(Received 7 February 2001 / Accepted 27 June 2001 )

The nature of the massive object at the Galactic Center (Sgr A*) is still unclear even if various observational campaigns led many authors to believe that our Galaxy hosts a super-massive black hole with mass $M\simeq 2.6\times 10^6$ $M_{\odot}$. However, the black hole hypothesis, which theoretically implies a luminosity $\simeq$ 1041 erg s-1, runs into problems if one takes into account that the observed luminosity, from radio to $\gamma$-ray wavelengths, is below 1037 erg s-1. In order to solve this blackness problem, alternative models have recently been proposed. In particular, it has been suggested that the Galactic Center hosts a ball made up of non-baryonic matter (e.g. massive neutrinos and anti-neutrinos) in which the degeneracy pressure of fermions balances their self-gravity. Requiring it to be consistent with all the available observations towards the Galactic Center allows us to put severe astrophysical constraints on the neutrino ball parameters. The presence of such an object in the Galactic Center may be excluded if the constituent neutrino mass $m_{\nu}$ is $\gtrsim$ 24 keV, while if $m_{\nu}\lesssim 24$ keV observations cannot give a definite answer.

Key words: elementary particles -- gravitation -- Galaxy Center

Offprint request: F. De Paolis, Francesco.DePaolis@le.infn.it

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© ESO 2001