Probing the physics of narrow-line regions of Seyfert galaxies
I. The case of NGC 5427⋆
Michael A. Dopita1,2, Julia Scharwächter3, Prajval Shastri4, Lisa J. Kewley1,5, Rebecca Davies1, Ralph Sutherland1, Preeti Kharb4, Jessy Jose4, Elise Hampton1, Chichuan Jin6, Julie Banfield7, Hassan Basurah2 and Sebastian Fischer8
RSAA, The Australian National University,
Cotter Road, Weston Creek, ACT,
2 Astronomy Department, King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 80203, 21589 Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3 LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, 61 avenue de l’Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
4 Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Koramangala 2B Block, Madiwala, Bangalore, 560034 Karnataka, India
5 Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
6 Department of Physics, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
7 CSIRO Astronomy & Space Science, PO Box 76, NSW 1710 Epping, Australia
8 German Aerospace Center (DLR), Königswinterer Str. 522-524, 53227 Bonn, Germany
Received: 20 January 2014
Accepted: 7 April 2014
Context. The spectra of the extended narrow-line regions (ENLRs) of Seyfert 2 galaxies probe the physics of the central active galaxy nucleus (AGN), since they encode the energy distribution of the ionising photons, the radiative flux and radiation pressure, nuclear chemical abundances and the mechanical energy input of the (unseen) central AGN.
Aims. We aim to constrain the chemical abundance in the interstellar medium of the ENLR by measuring the abundance gradient in the circum-nuclear H ii regions to determine the nuclear chemical abundances, and to use these to in turn determine the EUV spectral energy distribution for comparison with theoretical models.
Methods. We have used the Wide Field Spectrograph (WiFeS) on the ANU 2.3 m telescope at Siding Spring to observe the nearby, nearly face-on, Seyfert 2 galaxy, NGC 5427. We have obtained integral field spectroscopy of both the nuclear regions and the H ii regions in the spiral arms. The observed spectra have been modelled using the MAPPINGS IV photoionisation code, both to derive the chemical abundances in the H ii regions and the Seyfert nucleus, and to constrain the EUV spectral energy distribution of the AGN illuminating the ENLR.
Results. We find a very high nuclear abundance, 3.0 times solar, with clear evidence of a nuclear enhancement of N and He, possibly caused by massive star formation in the extended (~100 pc) central disk structure. The circum-nuclear narrow-line region spectrum is fit by a radiation pressure dominated photoionisation model model with an input EUV spectrum from a Black Hole with mass 5 × 107 M⊙ radiating at ~0.1 of its Eddington luminosity. The bolometric luminosity is closely constrained to be log Lbol = 44.3 ± 0.1 erg s-1. The EUV spectrum characterised by a soft accretion disk and a harder component extending to above 15 keV. The ENLR region is extended in the NW-SE direction. The line ratio variation in circum-nuclear spaxels can be understood as the result of mixing H ii regions with an ENLR having a radius-invariant spectrum.
Key words: black hole physics / plasmas / ISM: abundances / galaxies: ISM / galaxies: Seyfert / galaxies: individual: NGC 5427
Reduced datacubes are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/566/A41
© ESO, 2014