Study of the impact of the post-MS evolution of the host star on the orbits of close-in planets⋆
II. A giant planet in a close-in orbit around the RGB star HIP 63242
1 Departamento de AstronomíaUniversidad de Chile, Camino El Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
2 European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago, Chile
3 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
Received: 5 April 2013
Accepted: 31 May 2013
Context. More than 40 planets have been found around giant stars, revealing a lack of systems orbiting interior to ~0.6 AU. This observational fact contrasts with the planetary population around solar-type stars and has been interpreted as the result of the orbital evolution of planets through the interaction with the host star and/or because of a different formation/migration scenario of planets around more massive stars.
Aims. We are conducting a radial velocity study of a sample of 166 giant stars aimed at studying the population of close-in planets orbiting post-main sequence stars.
Methods. We computed precision radial velocities from multi-epoch spectroscopic data to search for planets around giant stars.
Results. We present the discovery of a massive planet around the intermediate-mass giant star HIP 63242. The best Keplerian fit to the data leads to an orbital distance of 0.57 AU, an eccentricity of 0.23 and a projected mass of 9.2 MJ. HIP 63242 b is the innermost planet detected around any intermediate-mass giant star and also the first planet detected in our survey.
Key words: stars: horizontal-branch / planet-star interactions / stars: late-type / planetary systems / stars: individual: HIP 63242
© ESO, 2013