The challenge of large and empty voids in the SDSS DR7 redshift survey
Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris (IAP), CNRS, UPMC, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014
2 School of Astronomy, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), PO Box 19395-5531, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Received: 21 November 2012
Accepted: 23 January 2013
Context. We present catalogues of voids for the SDSS DR7 redshift survey and for Millennium I simulation mock data.
Aims. We aim to compare the observations with simulations based on a ΛCDM model and a semi-analytic galaxy formation model. We use the void statistics as a test for these models.
Methods. We assembled a mock catalogue that closely resembles the SDSS DR7 catalogue and carried out a parallel statistical analysis of the observed and simulated catalogue.
Results. We find that in the observation and the simulation, voids tend to be equally spherical. The total volume occupied by the voids and their total number are slightly larger in the simulation than in the observation. We find that large voids are less abundant in the simulation and the total luminosity of the galaxies contained in a void with a given radius is higher on average than observed by SDSS DR7 survey. We expect these discrepancies to be even more significant in reality than found here since the present value of σ8 given by WMAP7 is lower than the value of 0.9 used in the Millennium I simulation.
Conclusions. The reason why the simulation fails to produce enough large and dark voids might be the failure of certain semi-analytic galaxy formation models to reduce the small-scale power of ΛCDM and to produce sufficient power on large scales.
Key words: cosmology: observations / cosmological parameters
© ESO, 2013