Deep optical observations of the massive galaxy cluster Abell 1413⋆
Université de Toulouse, UPS-Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, IRAP,
2 CNRS, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, 9 Avenue du Colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
3 CNRS, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, 14 Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
4 Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, 06300 Nice, France
5 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Received: 5 March 2012
Accepted: 27 September 2012
Aims. We investigate the morphology and dynamics of the massive nearby galaxy cluster Abell 1413.
Methods. Using wide field imaging and spectroscopic data obtained from observations at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope and archival SDSS data, we build a sample of more than 250 galaxies covering a region centered on the cluster and extending to its outskirts on large scales.
Results. We probe the cluster morphology analyzing the projected density distribution of galaxies and find a strong variation in the ellipticity of the distribution, from 0.8 at the center of the cluster down to ~0.35 at the periphery. This may be the tracer of a prolate global mass distribution, slightly attenuated in the collisional distribution of the gas. We also study the large scale environment, identifying several structures associated to the cluster and organized along the major axis in the North-South direction. From spectroscopic data we derive the velocity dispersion and we investigate the overall dynamics of the cluster. The regular velocity dispersion supports the case for a prolate cluster aligned in the plane of the sky and embedded in a larger scale structure.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 1413 / galaxies: distances and redshifts
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2012