Chemically tagging the Hyades Supercluster
H. M. Tabernero1, D. Montes1 and J. I. González Hernández1,2,3
Dpto. Astrofísica, Facultad de CC. Físicas, Universidad Complutense de
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, C via Lactea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Dept. Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Received: 17 June 2011
Accepted: 17 April 2012
Stellar kinematic groups are kinematical coherent groups of stars that might have a common origin. These groups are dispersed throughout the Galaxy over time by the tidal effects of both Galactic rotation and disc heating, although their chemical content remains unchanged. The aim of chemical tagging is to establish that the abundances of every element in the analysis are homogeneus among the members. We study the case of the Hyades Supercluster to compile a reliable list of members (FGK stars) based on our chemical tagging analysis. For a total of 61 stars from the Hyades Supercluster, stellar atmospheric parameters (Teff, log g, ξ, and [Fe/H]) are determined using our code called StePar, which is based on the sensitivity to the stellar atmospheric parameters of the iron EWs measured in the spectra. We derive the chemical abundances of 20 elements and find that their [X/Fe] ratios are consistent with Galactic abundance trends reported in previous studies. The chemical tagging method is applied with a carefully developed differential abundance analysis of each candidate member of the Hyades Supercluster, using a well-known member of the Hyades cluster as a reference (vB 153). We find that only 28 stars (26 dwarfs and 2 giants) are members, i.e. that 46% of our candidates are members based on the differential abundance analysis. This result confirms that the Hyades Supercluster cannot originate solely from the Hyades cluster.
Key words: open clusters and associations: individual: Hyades Supercluster / open clusters and associations: individual: Hyades / stars: abundances / stars: kinematics and dynamics / stars: late-type / stars: fundamental parameters
Based on observations made with the Mercator Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by the Flemish Community, at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.
Figures A.1–A.6 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
Tables A.1–A.9 and the line list and EW measurements are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/547/A13
© ESO, 2012