R. Krivonos1,2, S. Tsygankov3,4,2, A. Lutovinov2, M. Revnivtsev2, E. Churazov1,2 and R. Sunyaev1,2
1 Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85740 Garching bei München, Germany
2 Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, 117997 Moscow, Russia
3 Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), University of Turku, Väisäläntie 20, 21500 Piikkiö, Finland
4 Astronomy Division, Department of Physics, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
Received: 16 May 2012
Accepted: 5 July 2012
Context. The INTEGRAL observatory operating in a hard X-ray/gamma domain has gathered a large observational data set over nine years starting in 2003. Most of the observing time was dedicated to the Galactic source population study, making possible the deepest Galactic survey in hard X-rays ever compiled.
Aims. We aim to perform a Galactic survey that can be used as the basis of Galactic source population studies, and perform mapping of the Milky Way in hard X-rays over the maximum exposure available at |b| < 17.5°.
Methods. We used sky reconstruction algorithms especially developed for the high quality imaging of INTEGRAL/IBIS data.
Results. We present sky images, sensitivity maps, and catalogs of detected sources in the three energy bands 17 − 60, 17 − 35, and 35 − 80 keV in the Galactic plane at |b| < 17.5°. The total number of sources in the reference 17 − 60 keV band includes 402 objects exceeding a 4.7σ detection threshold on the nine-year time-averaged map. Among the identified sources with known and tentatively identified natures, 253 are Galactic objects (108 low-mass X-ray binaries, 82 high-mass X-ray binaries, 36 cataclysmic variables, and 27 are of other types), and 115 are extragalactic objects, including 112 active galactic nuclei and 3 galaxy clusters. The sample of Galactic sources with S/N > 4.7σ has an identification completeness of ~92%, which is valuable for population studies. Since the survey is based on the nine-year sky maps, it is optimized for persistent sources and may be biased against finding transients.
Key words: surveys / X-rays: general / catalogs
Based on observations with INTEGRAL, an ESA project with instruments and science data centre funded by ESA member states (especially the PI countries: Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Spain), Czech Republic, and Poland, and with the participation of Russia and the USA.
Table 3 (Catalog) is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/545/A27
© ESO, 2012