Is IRAS 01072+4954 a True-Seyfert 2?
Hints from near-infrared integral field spectroscopy
1 I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Str. 77, 50937 Köln, Germany
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3 Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
Received: 14 March 2012
Accepted: 31 May 2012
In contrast to the predictions of the unified model, some X-ray unobscured Seyfert 2 galaxies have been discovered in the last decade. One of them, the starburst/Seyfert composite galaxy IRAS 01072+4954 (z = 0.0236), has a typical Type-1 X-ray emission, while its optical spectrum resembles an H ii galaxy and lacks the expected broad lines. We performed near-infrared integral-field observations of this object with the aim to determine the nature of its nuclear emission and to find indications for the existence or absence of a broad-line region. Several reasons have been proposed to explain this peculiar emission. We studied the validity of these hypotheses, including the possibility for this galaxy to be a True-Seyfert 2. We found little obscuration toward the nucleus AV = 2.5 mag, and a nuclear star-formation rate ΣSFR < 11.6 M⊙ yr-1 kpc-2, which is below the average in Seyferts. Unresolved hot-dust emission with T ~ 1150 K seems to indicate the presence of a torus with its axis close to the line of sight. We found that IRAS 01072+4954 hosts a low-mass black hole with an estimated mass of MBH ~ 105 M⊙. Its bolometric luminosity is Lbol ≃ 2.5 × 1042 erg s-1, which yields a high accretion rate with an Eddington ratio λEdd ≃ 0.2. If the relations found in more massive systems also apply to this case, then IRAS 01072+4954 should show broad emission lines with a FWHMbroad ~ (400−600) km s-1. Indeed, some indications for such narrow broad-line components are seen in our data, but the evidence is not yet conclusive. This source therefore does not seem to be a True-Seyfert 2, but an extreme case of a narrow-line Seyfert 1, which, due to the faintness of the active nucleus, does not have strong Fe ii emission in the optical.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: starburst / galaxies: individual: IRAS 01072+4954 / radiation mechanisms: general / infrared: galaxies
© ESO, 2012