Groupe d’Astrophysique des Hautes Énergies, Institut d’Astrophysique et de
Géophysique, Université de Liège,
Allée du 6 Août, Bât B5c,
2 Sterrenkundig Instituut “Anton Pannekoek”, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3 Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
4 Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Guanajuato, Apartado 144, 36000 Guanajuato, GTO, Mexico
Received: 21 March 2012
Accepted: 10 May 2012
Context. The O-type object 9 Sgr is a well-known synchrotron radio emitter. This feature is usually attributed to colliding-wind binary systems, but 9 Sgr was long considered a single star.
Aims. We have conducted a long-term spectroscopic monitoring of this star to investigate its multiplicity and search for evidence for wind-wind interactions.
Methods. Radial velocities are determined and analysed using various period search methods. Spectral disentangling is applied to separate the spectra of the components of the binary system.
Results. We derive the first ever orbital solution of 9 Sgr. The system is found to consist of an O3.5 V((f+)) primary and an O5-5.5 V((f)) secondary moving around each other on a highly eccentric (e = 0.7), 8.6 year orbit. The spectra reveal no variable emission lines that could be formed in the wind interaction zone in agreement with the expected properties of the interaction in such a wide system.
Conclusions. Our results provide further support to the paradigm of synchrotron radio emission from early-type stars being a manifestation of interacting winds in a binary system.
Key words: stars: early-type / binaries: spectroscopic / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: massive / stars: individual: 9 Sgr
Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile and Cerro Paranal, Chile) and the San Pedro Mártir observatory (Mexico).
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
The reduced spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/542/A95
© ESO, 2012