The submillimeter spectrum of deuterated glycolaldehydes⋆
A. Bouchez1,2,3, L. Margulès3, R. A. Motiyenko3, J.-C. Guillemin4, A. Walters1,2, S. Bottinelli1,2, C. Ceccarelli5 and C. Kahane5
1 Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, Toulouse France
2 CNRS, IRAP, 9 Av. colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
3 Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes, et Molécules, UMR CNRS 8523, Université de Lille I, 59655 Villeneuve d’Ascq Cedex, France
4 Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, CNRS, UMR 6226, Avenue du Général Leclerc, CS 50837, 35708 Rennes Cedex 7, France
5 IPAG, Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
Received: 21 December 2011
Accepted: 16 February 2012
Context. Glycolaldehyde, a sugar-related interstellar prebiotic molecule, has recently been detected in two star-forming regions, Sgr B2(N) and G31.41+0.31. The detection of this new species increased the list of complex organic molecules detected in the interstellar medium (ISM) and adds another level to the chemical complexity present in space. Besides, this kind of organic molecule is important because it is directly linked to the origin of life. For many years, astronomers have been struggling to understand the origin of this high chemical complexity in the ISM. The study of deuteration may provide crucial hints.
Aims. In this context, we have measured the spectra of deuterated isotopologues of glycolaldehyde in the laboratory: the three mono-deuterated ones (CH2OD-CHO, CHDOH-CHO and CH2OH-CDO) and one dideuterated derivative (CHDOH-CDO) in the ground vibrational state.
Methods. Previous laboratory work on the D-isotopologues of glycolaldehyde was restricted to less than 26 GHz. We used a solid-state submillimeter-wave spectrometer in Lille with an accuracy for isolated lines better than 30 kHz to acquire new spectroscopic data between 150 and 630 GHz and employed the ASFIT and SPCAT programs for analysis.
Results. We measured around 900 new lines for each isotopologue and determined spectroscopic parameters. This allows an accurate prediction in the ALMA range up to 850 GHz.
Conclusions. This treatment meets the needs for a first astrophysical research, for which we provide an appropriate set of predictions.
Key words: ISM: molecules / methods: laboratory / submillimeter: ISM / molecular data / line: identification
Full Table 2 and Tables 3–5 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/540/A51
© ESO, 2012