MASSIV: Mass Assemby Survey with SINFONI in VVDS
1 Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), CNRS, 14 avenue Édouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
2 IRAP, Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, Toulouse, France
3 IASF-INAF, via Bassini 15, 20133 Milano, Italy
4 Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université de Provence, CNRS, 38 rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille Cedex 13, France
5 ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str.2, 85748 Garching b. München, Germany
6 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
7 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía – CSIC Apdo. 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
Received: 22 June 2011
Accepted: 15 November 2011
Aims. Understanding how galaxies evolve and assemble their mass across cosmic time is still a fundamental, unsolved issue. To get insight into the various processes of galaxy mass assembly, the Mass Assembly Survey with SINFONI in VVDS (MASSIV) aims at probing the kinematical and chemical properties of a significant and representative sample of high-redshift (0.9 ≤ z ≤ 1.8) star-forming galaxies.
Methods. This paper presents the selection function, the observing strategy, and the global properties of the MASSIV sample. This sample contains 84 star-forming galaxies, selected from the VIMOS VLT Deep Survey (VVDS) and observed with the SINFONI integral-field spectrograph at the VLT. We present the redshift distribution, and derive the stellar masses and SED-based star formation rates (SFR). Integrated metallicities and the presence of type-2 AGNs are investigated using composite 1D spectra built from VIMOS and SINFONI observations.
Results. The MASSIV selection function, based on star formation criteria ([O ii]λ3727 emission-line strength up to z ~ 1.5 and colors/UV absorption lines at higher redshifts), provides a good representation of “normal” star-forming galaxies with SED-based SFRs between 5 and 400 M⊙ yr-1 in the stellar mass regime 109 − 1011 M⊙. Analysis of typical emission-line ratios performed on composite spectra reveals that the contamination by type-2 AGNs is very low and that the integrated metallicity of the galaxies follows the well-known mass-metallicity relation.
Conclusions. The MASSIV sample has been built upon a simple selection function, fully representative of the star-forming galaxy population at 0.9 < z < 1.8 for SFR ≥ 5 M⊙ yr-1. Together with the size of the sample, the spatially-resolved SINFONI data therefore enables us to discuss global, volume averaged, galaxy kinematic, and chemical properties across the full mass and SFR range of the survey to derive robust conclusions for galaxy mass assembly on cosmological timescales. All the data published in this paper are publicly available at the time of publication following this link: http://cosmosdb.lambrate.inaf.it/VVDS-SINFONI.
Key words: galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: starburst
This work is based mainly on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) Very Large Telescope, Paranal, Chile, as part of the Programs 179.A-0823, 177.A-0837, 78.A-0177, 75.A-0318, and 70.A-9007. This work also benefits from data products produced at TERAPIX and the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre as part of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey, a collaborative project of NRC and the CNRS.
Table 5 is available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/539/A91
© ESO, 2012