Lithium abundances of nearby young solar-type stars based on optical high-resolution spectroscopy
1 Department of Technology and Physics, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, 5 Dongfeng Road, 45002 Zhengzhou PR China
2 National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100012 Beijing, PR China
Received: 25 April 2011
Accepted: 4 November 2011
Context. Lithium has long been recognized as a powerful tool for investigating the internal mixing of low-mass stars. In addition, accurate measurements of lithium abundances in young solar-type stars provide independent and reliable age diagnostics.
Aims. To study the relationship between lithium and activity in normal solar type-type stars and determine the effectiveness of lithium and kinematics as activity indicators, we perform a lithium survey of nearby late-type stars. We search for nearby young solar-type stars and investigate the relationship between lithium abundances and X-ray activity by measuring log Lx.
Methods. On the basis of high-resolution spectroscopic observations, we derived the lithium abundances of 33 young solar-type stars by comparing the measured Li I λ 670.8 nm equivalent widths with the curve of growth calculations in non-LTE (NLTE) conditions.
Results. We obtain the lithium abundances of a sample of young solar-type stars. Using the lithium abundance and X-ray luminosity, Lx, we investigate the relationship between Li abundance and X-ray activity. We find a clear correlation between lithium abundance (log N(Li)) and X-ray luminosity, log Lx, for our sample stars.
Conclusions. As the X-ray luminosity, Lx, becomes stronger, the lithium abundance decreases in our sample (11 pre-main-sequence, 15 zero-age-main-sequence, and 7 young main-sequence) stars. The results imply that there is a large number of solar-type stars. A correlation appears to exist between Li abundance and age, thus confirming the presence of very active young stars close to the Sun.
Key words: stars: evolution / stars: abundances / stars: solar-type
© ESO, 2012