Rotational excitation of 45 levels of ortho/para-H2O by excited ortho/para-H2 from 5 K to 1500 K: state-to-state, effective, and thermalized rate coefficients
CAB, INTA-CSIC, Crta, Torrejón km 4, 28850 Torrejn de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
2 Observatoire de Paris, LUTH UMR CNRS 8102, 5 Place Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
3 Université Pierre et Marie Curie, LPMAA UMR CNRS 7092, Case 76, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
4 Institut UTINAM, UMR CNRS 6213, 41 bis avenue de l’Observatoire, BP 1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France
Received: 8 September 2011
Accepted: 10 October 2011
Aims. This work deals with the rotational excitation of ortho/para-H2O with para/ortho-H2 so that thermalized de-(excitation) rate coefficients up to 1500 K for the first 45th level of ortho/para-H2O are provided. Results are available in BASECOL with state-to-state rate coefficients, their fitting coefficients, and effective rate coefficients. In addition, we provide a routine that combines all data in order to create thermalized rate coefficients.
Methods. Calculations were performed with the close coupling (CC) method over the whole energy range, using the same 5D potential energy surface (PES) as the one employed in previous papers. The current CC results were compared with thermalized quasi-classical trajectory (QCT) calculations using the same PES and with previous quantum calculations obtained between T = 20 K and T = 140 K with a different PES. The relative strengths of water excitation rate coefficients when water is excited with ortho-H2 versus para-H2 was also analyzed.
Results. For collision with para-H2, the rotation-rotation process is found to be the dominant process for inelastic transfer for some water transitions, implying that calculations must include the j2 = 2 level. An important result of this paper is that j2 = 1 and j2 = 2 effective rate coefficients are very similar so that either j2 = 1 or j2 = 2 need to be calculated for astrophysical applications. In addition, at high temperature ratios of j2 = 2 (1) over j2 = 0, effective rate coefficients converge towards one to within a few percent. This study confirms that j2 = 3 effective rate coefficients are within 20% to j2 = 1 effective rate coefficients.
Conclusions. For astrophysical applications, these results imply that future collisional excitation of light molecules with H2 should be carried out with para-H2, including j2 = 2, so as to obtain correct effective j2 = 0 effective rate coefficients and using the j2 = 2 effective rate coefficients for all excited j2 effective rate coefficients. In contrast, collisional excitation of heavy molecules with H2 might be restricted to para-H2 with j2 = 0 and to ortho-H2 with j2 = 1, using the j2 = 1 rate coefficients for all excited j2 effective rate coefficients. These conclusions should simplify the future methodological choice for collisional excitation calculations applied to interstellar/circumstellar media.
Key words: molecular data / molecular processes / ISM: molecules
© ESO, 2011