Multiwavelength campaign on Mrk 509
V. Chandra-LETGS observation of the ionized absorber
J. Ebrero1, G. A. Kriss2,3, J. S. Kaastra1,4, R. G. Detmers1,4, K. C. Steenbrugge5,6, E. Costantini1, N. Arav7, S. Bianchi8, M. Cappi9, G. Branduardi-Raymont10, M. Mehdipour10, P. O. Petrucci11, C. Pinto1 and G. Ponti12
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research,
2 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
4 Astronomical Institute, University of Utrecht, Postbus 80000, 3508 TA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
5 Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Católica del Norte, Avenida Angamos 0610, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta, Chile
6 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK
7 Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
8 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146 Roma, Italy
9 INAF-IASF Bologna, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
10 Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT, UK
11 UJF-Grenoble 1/CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG) UMR 5274, 38041 Grenoble, France
12 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK
Received: 12 April 2011
Accepted: 1 June 2011
Context. We present here the results of a 180 ks Chandra-LETGS observation as part of a large multi-wavelength campaign on Mrk 509.
Aims. We study the warm absorber in Mrk 509 and use the data from a simultaneous HST-COS observation in order to assess whether the gas responsible for the UV and X-ray absorption are the same.
Methods. We analyzed the LETGS X-ray spectrum of Mrk 509 using the SPEX fitting package.
Results. We detect several absorption features originating in the ionized absorber of the source, along with resolved emission lines and radiative recombination continua. The absorption features belong to ions with, at least, three distinct ionization degrees. The lowest ionized component is slightly redshifted (Δv = 73 km s-1) and is not in pressure equilibrium with the others, and therefore it is not likely part of the outflow, possibly belonging to the interstellar medium of the host galaxy. The other components are outflowing at velocities of −196 and −455 km s-1, respectively. The source was observed simultaneously with HST-COS, finding 13 UV kinematic components. At least three of them can be kinematically associated with the observed X-ray components. Based on the HST-COS results and a previous FUSE observation, we find evidence that the UV absorbing gas might be co-located with the X-ray absorbing gas and belong to the same structure.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: Seyfert / quasars: absorption lines / galaxies: individual: Mrk 509 / X-rays: galaxies
© ESO, 2011