The eccentricity distribution of compact binaries
I. Kowalska1, T. Bulik1,2, K. Belczynski1,3, M. Dominik1 and D. Gondek-Rosinska4,2
Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw,
Al Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478
2 Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Bartycka 18, 00716 Warsaw, Poland
3 Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Texas, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA
4 Institute of Astronomy, University of Zielona Góra, ul. Lubuska 2, 65-265 Zielona Góra, Poland
Accepted: 9 December 2010
Context. The current gravitational wave detectors have reached their operational sensitivity and are nearing detection of compact object binaries. In the coming years, we expect that the Advanced LIGO/VIRGO will start taking data. At the same time, there are plans for third generation ground-based detectors such as the Einstein Telescope, and space detectors such as DECIGO.
Aims. We discuss the eccentricity distribution of inspiral compact object binaries during they inspiral phase. We analyze the expected distributions of eccentricities at three frequencies that are characteristic of three future detectors: Advanced LIGO/VIRGO (30 Hz), Einstein Telescope (3 Hz), and DECIGO (0.3 Hz).
Methods. We use the StarTrack binary population code to investigate the properties of the population of compact binaries in formation. We evolve their orbits until the point that they enter a given detector sensitivity window and analyze the eccentricity distribution at that time.
Results. We find that the eccentricities of BH-BH and BH-NS binaries are quite small when entering the Advanced LIGO/VIRGO detector window for all considered models of binary evolution. Even in the case of the DECIGO detector, the typical eccentricities of BH-BH binaries are below 10-4, and the BH-NS eccentricities are smaller than 10-3. Some fraction of NS-NS binaries may have significant eccentricities. Within the range of considered models, we found that a fraction of between 0.2% and 2% NS-NS binaries will have an eccentricity above 0.01 for the Advanced LIGO/VIRGO detectors. For the ET detector, this fraction is between 0.4% and 4%, and for the DECIGO detector it lies between 2% and 27%.
Key words: binaries: general / gravitational waves
© ESO, 2011