Star formation in the outer Galaxy: membership and fundamental parameters of the young open cluster NGC 1893⋆
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento
2 Centro de Astrobiología / CSIC-INTA, LAEFF Campus, PO Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
3 ESO, Karl-Scharzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching-bei-Mnchen, Germany
Accepted: 3 September 2010
Context. Different environmental conditions can play a crucial role in determining final products of the star formation process, and in this context, less favorable activities of star formation are expected in the external regions of our Galaxy.
Aims. We studied the properties of the young open cluster NGC 1893 located about 12 Kpc from the galactic center, to investigate how different physical conditions can affect the process of star formation.
Methods. By adopting a multiwavelength approach, we compiled a catalog extending from X-rays to NIR data to derive the cluster membership. In addition, optical and NIR photometric properties are used to evaluate the cluster parameters.
Results. We find 415 diskless candidate members and 1061 young stellar objects with a circumstellar disk or class II candidate members, 125 of which are also Hα emitters. Considering the diskless candidate members, we find that the cluster distance is 3.6 ± 0.2 kpc and the mean interstellar reddening is E(B − V) = 0.6 ± 0.1 with evidence of differential reddening in the whole surveyed region.
Conclusions. NGC 1893 contains a conspicuous population of pre-main sequence stars, together with the well-studied main sequence cluster population. We found a disk fraction of about 70% similar to the one found in clusters of similar age in the solar neighbor and then, despite expected unfavorable conditions for star formation, we conclude that very rich young clusters can also form in the outer regions of our Galaxy.
Key words: open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 1893 / stars: pre-main sequence / stars: formation / Hertzsprung-Russell and C-M diagrams / infrared: stars
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