Star forming galaxies in the AKARI deep field south: identifications and spectral energy distributions*
K. Małek1, A. Pollo2,3, T. T. Takeuchi4, P. Bienias5, M. Shirahata6, S. Matsuura6 and M. Kawada7
Center for Theoretical Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland e-mail: email@example.com
2 The Andrzej Sołtan Institute for Nuclear Studies, ul. Hoża 69, 00-681 Warsaw, Poland
3 The Astronomical Observatory of the Jagiellonian University, ul. Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków, Poland
4 Institute for Advanced Research, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
5 College of Inter-Faculty Individual Studies in Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Warsaw, ul. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warsaw, Poland
6 Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan
7 Division of Particle and Astrophysical Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan
Accepted: 24 November 2009
Aims. We investigate the nature and properties of far-infrared (FIR) sources in the AKARI deep field south (ADF-S).
Methods. We performed an extensive search for the counterparts to 1000 ADF-S objects brighter than 0.0301 Jy in the WIDE-S (90 μm) AKARI band in the public databases (NED and SIMBAD). We analyzed the properties of the resulting sample: statistics of the identified objects, quality of position determination of the ADF-S sources, their number counts, redshift distribution, and comparison of morphological types, when the corresponding information was available. We performed a simplifield analysis of the clustering properties of the ADF-S sources and compliled spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of objects with the highest quality photometry, using three different models.
Results. Among 1000 investigated ADF-S sources, 545 were identified with sources at other wavelengths in public databases. From them, 518 are known galaxies and 343 of these were previously known as infra-red sources. Among the remaining sources, there are two quasars and both infrared and radio sources of unknown origin. Among six stellar identifications, at least five are probably the effect of contamination. We measured the redshifts of 48 extragalactic objects and determined the morphological types of 77 galaxies. We present SED models of 47 sources with sufficiently good photometric data.
Conclusions. We conclude that the bright FIR point sources observed in the ADF-S are mostly nearby galaxies. Their properties are very similar to the properties of the local population of optically bright galaxies, except for unusually high ratio of peculiar or interacting objects and a lower percentage of elliptical galaxies. The percentage of lenticular galaxies is the same as in the optically bright population, which suggests that galaxies of this type may frequently contain a significant amount of cool dust. It is possible that source confusion plays a significant role in more than 34% of measurements. The SEDs correspond to a variety of galaxy types, from very actively star forming to very quiescent. The AKARI long wavelength bands data have enabled us to determine for the first time that these galaxies are objects with very cool dust.
Key words: surveys / Galaxy: fundamental parameters / galaxies: evolution / infrared: galaxies
Tables A.1–A.8 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/514/A11
© ESO, 2010