Non-LTE abundances of Mg and K in extremely metal-poor stars and the evolution of [O/Mg], [Na/Mg], [Al/Mg], and [K/Mg] in the Milky Way*
GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 92125
Meudon Cedex, France e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Department of Astronomy and Astronomical Observatory, Odessa National University, Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, Odessa branch, Shevchenko Park, 65014 Odessa, Ukraine, France e-mail: email@example.com
3 CIFIST Marie Curie Excellence Team, France
4 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
5 Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS UMR6202, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
Accepted: 13 October 2009
Aims. LTE abundances of light elements in extremely metal-poor (EMP) stars have been previously derived from high quality spectra. New derivations, free from the NLTE effects, will better constrain the models of the Galactic chemical evolution and the yields of the very first supernovae.
Methods. The NLTE profiles of the magnesium and potassium lines have been computed in a sample of 53 extremely metal-poor stars with a modified version of the program MULTI and adjusted to the observed lines in order to derive the abundances of these elements.
Results. The NLTE corrections for magnesium and potassium are in good agreement with the works found in the literature. The abundances are slightly changed, reaching a better precision: the scatter around the mean of the abundance ratios has decreased. Magnesium may be used with confidence as reference element. Together with previously determined NLTE abundances of sodium and aluminum, the new ratios are displayed, for comparison, along the theoretical trends proposed by some models of the chemical evolution of the Galaxy, using different models of supernovae.
Key words: Galaxy: abundances / Galaxy: halo / Galaxy: evolution / stars: abundances / supernovae: general / stars: evolution
© ESO, 2010