EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 491, Number 3, December I 2008
Page(s) 851 - 854
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:200810818
Published online 23 September 2008

A&A 491, 851-854 (2008)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:200810818

Discovery of X-ray emission from the eclipsing brown-dwarf binary 2MASS J05352184-0546085

S. Czesla, P. C. Schneider, and J. H. M. M. Schmitt

Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
    e-mail: stefan.czesla@hs.uni-hamburg.de

Received 18 August 2008 / Accepted 12 September 2008

The eclipsing brown-dwarf binary system 2MASS J05352184-0546085 is a case sui generis. For the first time, it allows a detailed analysis of the individual properties of young brown dwarfs, in particular, masses, and radii, and the temperature ratio of the system components can be determined accurately. The system shows a “temperature reversal" with the more massive component being the cooler one, and both components are found to be active. We analyze X-ray images obtained by Chandra  and XMM-Newton  containing 2MASS J05352184-0546085 in their respective field of view. The Chandra  observatory data show a clear X-ray source at the position of 2MASS J05352184-0546085, whereas the XMM-Newton  data suffer from contamination from other nearby sources, but are consistent with the Chandra  detection. No indications of flaring activity are found in either of the observations (together $\approx$70 ks), and we thus attribute the observed flux to quiescent emission. With an X-ray luminosity of 3$\times$1028 erg/s we find an $L_{\rm X}/L_{\rm bol}$-ratio close to the saturation limit of 10-3 and an $L_{\rm X}/L_{\rm H\alpha}$-ratio consistent with values obtained from low-mass stars. The X-ray detection of 2MASS J05352184-0546085 reported here provides additional support for the interpretation of the temperature reversal in terms of magnetically suppressed convection, and suggests that the activity phenomena of young brown dwarfs resemble those of their more massive counterparts.

Key words: stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs -- stars: binaries: eclipsing -- stars: activity -- X-rays: individuals: 2MASS J05352184-0546085

© ESO 2008