A&A 487, 509-517 (2008)
Discovery of heavily-obscured AGN among seven INTEGRAL hard X-ray sources observed by ChandraS. Sazonov1, 2, M. Revnivtsev1, 2, R. Burenin2, E. Churazov1, 2, R. Sunyaev1, 2, W. R. Forman3, and S. S. Murray3
1 Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85740 Garching bei München, Germany
2 Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, 117997 Moscow, Russia
3 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Received 7 February 2008 / Accepted 17 May 2008
Aims. We identify hard X-ray sources discovered by the INTEGRAL all-sky survey. We complete identification of a unique sample of active galactic nuclei (AGN) selected in the hard X-ray band (17-60 keV) with minimal effects from absorption. Subsequently, we determine the fraction of obscured AGN in the local Universe.
Methods. We observed 7 INTEGRAL sources with the Chandra X-ray Observatory to refine their localization to ~2 arcsec and to study their X-ray spectra.
Results. Two sources are inferred to have a Galactic origin: IGR J08390-4833 is most likely a magnetic cataclysmic variable with a white dwarf spin period ~1450 s; and IGR J21343+4738 is a high-mass X-ray binary. Five sources (IGR J02466-4222, IGR J09522-6231, IGR J14493-5534, IGR J14561-3738, and IGR J23523+5844) prove to be AGN with significant intrinsic X-ray absorption along the line of sight. Their redshifts and hard X-ray (17-60 keV) luminosities range from 0.025 to 0.25 and from ~ to ~ erg s-1, respectively, with the distance to IGR J14493-5534 remaining unknown. The sources IGR J02466-4222 and IGR J14561-3738 are likely Compton-thick AGN with absorption column densities cm-2, and the former further appears to be one of the nearest X-ray bright, optically-normal galaxies.
Conclusions. With the newly-identified sources, the number of heavily-obscured ( cm-2) AGN detected by INTEGRAL has increased to ~10. Therefore, such objects constitute 10-15% of hard X-ray bright, non-blazar AGN in the local Universe. The small ratio (1%) of soft (0.5-8.0 keV) to hard (17-60 keV) band fluxes (Chandra to INTEGRAL) and the non-detection of optical narrow-line emission in some of the Compton-thick AGN in our sample suggests that there is a new class of objects in which the central massive black hole may be surrounded by a geometrically-thick dusty torus with a narrow ionization cone.
Key words: surveys -- galaxies: Seyfert -- novae, cataclysmic variables -- X-rays: binaries
© ESO 2008