EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 487, Number 1, August III 2008
Page(s) 33 - 46
Section Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:200809620
Published online 15 May 2008

A&A 487, 33-46 (2008)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:200809620

Optical analysis of the poor clusters Abell 610, Abell 725, and Abell 796, containing diffuse radio sources

W. Boschin1, 2, R. Barrena3, M. Girardi2, 4, and M. Spolaor2, 5

1  Fundación Galileo Galilei - INAF, Rambla José Ana Fernández Perez 7, 38712 Breña Baja (San Antonio), Canary Islands, Spain
    e-mail: boschin@tng.iac.es
2  Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Trieste, via Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
3  Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, C/Via Lactea s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
4  INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
5  Centre for Astrophysics & Supercomputing, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia

Received 20 February 2008 / Accepted 14 April 2008

Aims. We study the dynamical status of the poor, low X-ray luminous galaxy clusters Abell 610, Abell 725, and Abell 796 (at z = 0.1, 0.09, and 0.16, respectively), containing diffuse radio sources (relic, relic, and possible halo, respectively).
Methods. Our analysis is based on new spectroscopic data obtained at the William Herschel Telescope for 158 galaxies, new photometry obtained at the Isaac Newton Telescope with the addition of data recovered from the Data Release 5 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We use statistical tools to select 57, 36, and 26 cluster members and to analyze the kinematics of cluster galaxies, as well as to study the 2D cluster structure.
Results. The low values we compute for the global line-of-sight velocity dispersion of galaxies ( $\sigma_{\rm V}$ = 420-700 km s-1) confirm that these clusters are low-mass clusters. Abell 610 shows a lot of evidence of substructure. It seems to be formed by two structures separated by ~700 km s-1in the cluster rest-frame, having comparable $\sigma_{\rm V}$ ~ 200 km s-1and likely causing a velocity gradient. The velocity of the brightest cluster member (BCMI; a bright radio source) is very close to the mean velocity of the higher velocity structure. A third small, low-velocity group hosts the second brightest cluster member (BCMII). The analysis of the 2D galaxy distribution shows a bimodal distribution in the core elongated in the SE-NW direction and likely associated to BCMI and BCMII groups. Abell 725 and Abell 796, which are less sampled, show marginal evidence of substructure in the velocity space. They are elongated in the 2D galaxy distribution. For both Abell 610 and Abell 725 we shortly discuss the possible connection with the hosted diffuse radio relic.
Conclusions. Our results show that relic radio sources are likely connected with merger events, but are not limited to massive clusters. About the possible halo source in Abell 796, there is some evidence of a merger event in this non-massive cluster, but a pointed radio observation is necessary to confirm this halo.

Key words: galaxies: clusters: general -- galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 610 -- galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 725 -- galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 796 -- galaxies: distances and redshifts -- cosmology: observations

© ESO 2008