EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 467, Number 1, May III 2007
Page(s) L1 - L5
Section Letters
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20066569

A&A 467, L1-L5 (2007)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20066569


Direct probes of dark matter in the cluster 1ES0657-556 through microwave observations

S. Colafrancesco1, P. de Bernardis2, S. Masi2, G. Polenta2, and P. Ullio3

1  INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via Frascati 33, 00040 Monteporzio, Italy
    e-mail: cola@mporzio.astro.it
2  Dipartimento di Fisica, Università Roma 1, P.le A. Moro 2, Roma, Italy
3  Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, via Beirut 2-4, 34014 Trieste, Italy

(Received 14 October 2006 / Accepted 25 January 2007)

Aims.The cluster 1ES0657-556 is an ideal astrophysical laboratory to study the distribution and the nature of Dark Matter because this last component is spatially separated from the intracluster gas. We show that microwave observations can provide crucial probes of Dark Matter in this system.
Methods.We calculate the expected SZ effect from Dark Matter annihilation in the main mass concentrations of the cluster 1ES0657-556, and we estimate the sources of contamination, confusion and bias to asses its significance.
Results.We find that SZ observations at $\nu \approx$ 223 GHz can resolve both spatially and spectrally the SZ$_{\rm DM}$ signal and isolate it from the other SZ signals, and mainly from the thermal SZ effect which is null at $ \nu \sim$ 220-223 GHz for the case of 1ES0657-556. We conclude that SZ observations with $\la$arcmin resolution and $\la$$\mu$K sensitivity of 1ES0657-556 are crucial, and maybe unique, to find direct astrophysical probes of the existence and of the nature of Dark Matter, or to set strong experimental limits.

Key words: dark matter -- galaxies: clusters: individual: 1ES0657-556 -- galaxies: clusters: general -- cosmic microwave background

© ESO 2007