EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 436, Number 3, June IV 2005
Page(s) 1075 - 1086
Section The Sun
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042414

A&A 436, 1075-1086 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042414

Magnetic network dynamics: Activity level, feature size and anchoring depth

N. Meunier

Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de l'Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, 57 avenue d'Azereix, BP 826, 65008 Tarbes Cedex, France
    e-mail: meunier@bagn.obs-mip.fr

(Received 23 November 2004 / Accepted 16 February 2005)

A large data set of MDI magnetograms is studied in order to analyze the global dynamics of magnetic structures from network to active regions. Two complementary techniques are used: feature tracking and correlation tracking. The very large data set allows the variation of their dynamics (angular rotation velocity and meridional circulation) to be studied in detail. Variation both in the dynamics as a function of size and distance to active regions (for feature tracking) and as a function of activity level in the correlation box are studied. These new results allow the possible anchoring depth of these magnetic features to be constrained. The observations of the magnetic network dynamics are not consistent with the dynamics deduced from helioseismology. So, some additional processes must be acting on the magnetic network in order to explain their global dynamics.

Key words: Sun: magnetic fields -- Sun: photosphere -- Sun: faculae, plages

© ESO 2005