EDP Sciences
Free access
Issue
A&A
Volume 435, Number 3, June I 2005
Page(s) 955 - 965
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042480


A&A 435, 955-965 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042480

Detection of 75+ pulsation frequencies in the $\delta$ Scuti star FG Virginis

M. Breger1, P. Lenz1, V. Antoci1, E. Guggenberger1, R. R. Shobbrook2, G. Handler1, B. Ngwato3, F. Rodler1, E. Rodriguez4, P. López de Coca4, A. Rolland4 and V. Costa4

1  Institut für Astronomie der Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
    e-mail: michel.breger@univie.ac.at
2  Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
3  Theoretical Astrophysics Programme, University of the North-West, Private Bag X2046, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
4  Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, CSIC, Apdo 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain

(Received 3 December 2004 / Accepted 31 January 2005)

Abstract
Extensive photometric multisite campaigns of the $\delta$ Scuti variable FG Vir are presented. For the years 2003 and 2004, 926 h of photometry at the millimag precision level were obtained. The combinations with earlier campaigns lead to excellent frequency resolution and high signal/noise. A multifrequency analysis yields 79 frequencies. This represents a new record for this type of star. The modes discovered earlier were confirmed.

Pulsation occurs over a wide frequency band from 5.7 to 44.3 c/d with amplitudes of 0.2 mmag or larger. Within this wide band the frequencies are not distributed at random, but tend to cluster in groups. A similar feature is seen in the power spectrum of the residuals after 79 frequencies are prewhitened. This indicates that many additional modes are excited. The interpretation is supported by a histogram of the photometric amplitudes, which shows an increase of modes with small amplitudes. The old question of the "missing modes" may be answered now: the large number of detected frequencies as well as the large number of additional frequencies suggested by the power spectrum of the residuals confirms the theoretical prediction of a large number of excited modes.

FG Vir shows a number of frequency combinations of the dominant mode at 12.7162 c/d (m = 0) with other modes of relatively high photometric amplitudes. The amplitudes of the frequency sums are higher than those of the differences. A second mode (20.2878 c/d) also shows combinations. This mode of azimuthal order m = -1 is coupled with two other modes of m = +1.


Key words: stars: variables: $\delta$ Sct -- stars: oscillations -- stars: individual: FG Vir -- techniques: photometric

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© ESO 2005