EDP Sciences
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Volume 429, Number 2, January II 2005
Page(s) 559 - 567
Section Interstellar and circumstellar matter
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041465

A&A 429, 559-567 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20041465

Diffuse Interstellar Bands in NGC 1448

J. Sollerman1, N. Cox2, S. Mattila1, P. Ehrenfreund2, 3, L. Kaper2, B. Leibundgut4 and P. Lundqvist1

1  Stockholm Observatory, Department of Astronomy, AlbaNova, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    e-mail: jesper@astro.su.se
2  Astronomical Institute "Anton Pannekoek", University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098, The Netherlands
3  Astrobiology Laboratory, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, PO Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
4  European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany

(Received 14 June 2004 / Accepted 7 August 2004)

We present spectroscopic VLT/UVES observations of two emerging supernovae, the Type Ia SN 2001el and the Type II SN 2003hn , in the spiral galaxy NGC 1448 . Our high resolution and high signal-to-noise spectra display atomic lines of Ca II, Na I, Ti II and K I in the host galaxy. In the line of sight towards SN 2001el , we also detect over a dozen diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) within NGC 1448 . These DIBs have strengths comparable to low reddening galactic lines of sight, albeit with some variations. In particular, a good match is found with the line of sight towards the $\sigma$ type diffuse cloud ( HD 144217 ). The DIBs towards SN 2003hn are significantly weaker, and this line of sight has also lower sodium column density. The DIB central velocities show that the DIBs towards SN 2001el are closely related to the strongest interstellar Ca II and Na I components, indicating that the DIBs are preferentially produced in the same cloud. The ratio of the $\lambda$ 5797 and $\lambda$ 5780 DIB strengths ( r ~ 0.14) suggests a rather strong UV field in the DIB environment towards SN 2001el . We also note that the extinction estimates obtained from the sodium lines using multiple line fitting agree with reddening estimates based on the colors of the Type Ia SN 2001el .

Key words: supernovae: individual: SN 2001el , SN 2003hn -- galaxies: individual: NGC 1448 -- ISM: lines and bands -- supernovae: general

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