A&A 429, L13-L16 (2005)
SN 2002kg - the brightening of LBV V37 in NGC 2403K. Weis and D. J. Bomans
Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany
(Received 24 September 2004 / Accepted 13 November 2004)
SN 2002kg is a type IIn supernova, detected in October 2002 in the nearby spiral galaxy NGC 2403. We show that the position of SN 2002kg agrees within the errors with the position of the LBV V37. Ground based and HST ACS images however show that V37 is still present after the SN 2002kg event. We compiled a lightcurve of V37 which underlines the variablity of the object, and shows that SN 2002kg was the brightening of V37 and not a supernova. The recent brightening is not a giant eruption, but more likely part of an S Dor phase. V37 shows strong H +[N II] emission in recent images and in the SN 2002kg spectrum, which we interprete as the signature of the presence of an LBV nebula. A historic spectrum lacks emission, which may hint that we are witnessing the formation of an LBV nebula.
Key words: stars: evolution -- stars: individual: V37 -- stars: mass-loss -- supernovae: individual: SN2002kg
© ESO 2004