EDP Sciences
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Volume 419, Number 1, May III 2004
Page(s) 35 - 46
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20034552

A&A 419, 35-46 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20034552

NGC 4569: Recent evidence for a past ram pressure stripping event

B. Vollmer1, 2, C. Balkowski3, V. Cayatte3, W. van Driel3 and W. Huchtmeier2

1  CDS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'université, 67000 Strasbourg, France
2  Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3  Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, GEPI, CNRS UMR 8111 and Université Paris 7, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France

(Received 21 October 2003 / Accepted 14 January 2004 )

Deep 21-cm H I line observations of the Virgo cluster spiral galaxy NGC 4569 have been obtained with the VLA in its D configuration and with the Effelsberg 100-m telescope. A low surface density arm was discovered in the west of the galaxy, whose velocity field is distinct from that of the overall disk rotation. The observed gas distribution, velocity field and velocity dispersion are compared to snapshots of dynamical simulations that include the effects of ram pressure. Two different scenarios were explored: (i) ongoing stripping and (ii) a major stripping event that took place about 300 Myr ago. It is concluded that only the post-stripping scenario can reproduce the main observed characteristics of NGC 4569. It is not possible to determine if the gas disk of NGC 4569 had already been truncated before it underwent the ram pressure event that lead to its observed H I deficiency.

Key words: galaxies: individual: NGC 4569 -- galaxies: interactions -- galaxies: ISM -- galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

Offprint request: B. Vollmer, bvollmer@astro.u-strasbg.fr

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