EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 365, Number 2, January II 2001
Page(s) 78 - 89
Section Formation, structure and evolution of stars
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20000328

A&A 365, 78-89 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20000328

HST/NICMOS2 coronagraphic observations of the circumstellar environment of three old PMS stars: HD 100546, SAO 206462 and MWC 480

J. C. Augereau1 , A. M. Lagrange1 , D. Mouillet1 and F. Ménard1,2 .

1  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de l'Observatoire de Grenoble, Université J. Fourier, CNRS, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
2  Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Corporation, PO Box 1597, Kamuela, HI 96743, USA

(Received 16 August 2000 / Accepted 29 September 2000)

The close environment of four old Pre-Main Sequence stars has been observed thanks to the coronagraphic mode of the HST/NICMOS2 camera at $\lambda=1.6 \mu$m. In the course of this program, a cir cum stel lar annulus around HD 141569 was detected and has already been presented in Augereau et al. (1999b). In this paper, we report the detection of an elliptical structure around the Herbig Be star HD 100546 extending from the very close edge of the co mask ($\sim$50 AU) to 350-380 AU (3.5-3.8 $\hbox{$^{\prime\prime}$ }$) from the star. The axis ratio gives a disk inclination of $51\hbox{$^\circ$ }\pm3\hbox{$^\circ$ }$ to the line-of-sight and a position angle of $161\hbox{$^\circ$ }\pm5\hbox{$^\circ$ }$, measured east of north. At 50 AU, the disk has a surface brightness between 10.5 and 11 mag/arcsec2, then follows a $-2.92 \pm 0.04$ radial power law up to 250-270 AU and finally falls as $r^{-5.5\pm0.2}$. The inferred optical thickness suggests that the disk is at least marginally optically thick inside 80 AU and optically thin further out. Combined with anisotropic scattering properties, this could explain the shape of a brightness asymmetry observed along the minor axis of the disk. This asymmetry needs to be confirmed. The cir cum stel lar disks around SAO 206462 and MWC 480 are not resolved, leading to constraints on the dust distribution. A tight binary system separated by only $0.32\hbox{$^{\prime\prime}$ }\pm0.04\hbox{$^{\prime\prime}$ }$ is nevertheless detected in the close vicinity of SAO 206462.

Key words: stars: cir cum stel lar matter -stars: HD 100546, SAO 206462, MWC 480 -stars: pre-main sequence

Offprint request: J. C. Augereau, augereau@obs.ujf-grenoble.fr

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